
SIGMA 2 (2006), 008, 11 pages hepth/0601167
https://doi.org/10.3842/SIGMA.2006.008
Status Report on the Instanton Counting
Sergey Shadchin
INFN, Sezione di Padova & Dipartimento di Fisica
“G. Galilei”, Università degli Studi di Padova, via F. Marzolo 8, Padova, 35131, Italy
Received December 07, 2005, in final form January 18, 2006; Published online January 22, 2006
Abstract
The nonperturbative behavior of the
N = 2 supersymmetric YangMills theories is both
highly nontrivial and tractable. In the last three years
the valuable progress was achieved in the instanton counting,
the direct evaluation of the lowenergy effective Wilsonian action of the theory.
The localization technique together with the Lorentz deformation of the action provides
an elegant way to reduce functional integrals, representing the effective action,
to some finite dimensional contour integrals. These integrals, in their turn,
can be converted into some difference equations which define the SeibergWitten
curves, the main ingredient of another approach to the nonperturbative
computations in the N = 2 super YangMills theories. Almost all models
with classical gauge groups, allowed by the asymptotic freedom condition
can be treated in such a way. In my talk I explain the localization approach
to the problem, its relation to the SeibergWitten
approach and finally I give a review of some interesting results.
Key words:
instanton counting; SeibergWitten theory.
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